Valmiki Ramayana is a historical biography because...
All Indian texts became mythology due to...
'Nala Setu' got renamed to 'Adam's Bridge' by...
Though NASA Images show that...
Frequently Asked Questions
What is...




Historical Event

A brief report

This site




Geographical Research
Ramayana is geographically very correct
Every site on Rama's route is still identifiable and has continuing traditions in the form of temples to commemorate Rama's visit.
In those remote days no author had the travel facility to concoct a geographically credible story and build it into local folklore.

All the places visited by Rama still retain memories of his visit.

Some places have commemorative temples, others commemmorate Rama's visit in local folklore.

There is convergence in literature, archaeology and local tradition.


As per the history we know, in the Lanka war, Lakshmana was mortaly wounded. The Sanjeevani herb was needed to revive him.
Hanuman picks up whole hill of medicinal herbs
Hanuman brings hill with herbs to Sushena who treats and revives Lakshmana

Not that well known is the story that, Hanuman then returns the hill to its original place after use, on the same night, before dawn.
The boulders, stones, etc. of Dunagiri fell in many places enroute. Hence the complete hill was not returned.

Dunagiri - Uttarakhand: In the Gandha Madhana mountains, now known as Dunagiri, there lies a scar on the side of Dunagiri where Hanuman sliced off a big chunk. In most re-tellings of Ramayana, after the medicines were used, Hanuman flies again to replace the mountain in its rightful place.

According to Dunagiri local folk lore, Hanuman failed to return full hill.
Because of his failure to keep up his word local villagers refuse to take the temple prasad at village's annual festival.
One of the medicinal plants on Hanuman's list, Visalyakarani, in Samskrit meaning "removing spikes & arrows." - Found in Dunagiri


Ravana Lankeshwaran

Ravana was: A Shiva baktha, An Exponent of the Vedas, A gifted veena player, played the Sama Veda on veena and A Brahmin

Rama did brahmana vadham prayashchitham, i.e., an atonement for killing a Brahmin, at Devaprayag Uttaranchal
Devprayag Sangam - Confluence


Rama performing brahmana vadham prayashchitham


The name 'Nasik' has a historical origin. Lakshmana cut off Surpanaka's nose here. That is why the place is called 'Nasik' - from 'Nas' meaning 'nose'.

Sita Gufa is an underground cave labyrinth in which Sita hid herself when Ravana came to abduct her.

Panchavati is derived from Pancha and Vati, meaning, 5 Vata Peepal trees, i.e., a Peepal tree grove.


Kishkinda is near Hampi in modern day Karnataka. Anjanadri near Hospet is the birthplace of Hanuman Anjaneya. Sugriva lived in Rishyamukha on the banks of the Pampa Tungabhadra.

In the British records of the gazette of Bellary district, which is very near modern day Hampi, or Kishkinda of earlier times, the then collector has noted that the forest tribes of that area call themselves the Vanara people, and used Monkey as a symbol in their totem pole and flag.

This vanara totem in Bellary District Gazetteer is to the right.

The Jaina Ramayana also mentions a banner of the Vanara, Vanaradhvaja, vanara flag


Rama worshiped Shiva at Rameshwaram and prepared the Linga out of sand.


Connection between Adam's Bridge - Rama Bridge

Nobody else in Indian history has claimed its construction

Though Valmiki did not visit the south


Valmiki would know the difference between a sea and a river.


Ravana Ella Falls - Ravana hid Sita to prevent Rama from finding her

Sitai Amman Temple Numara Eliya Ashokavana - Ravana Kept Sita Prisoner

An extract from Outlines of Ceylon History by Donald Obeyesekera that highlights geographical areas of Sita's stay in Lanka